Nigel Farage, known for his support of former President Donald J. Trump, his pivotal role in Brexit and his reputation as Britain’s most notorious political provocateur, has been elected to Parliament for the first time.

At the helm of the emerging Reform UK party, Farage defied expectations by securing four seats in Parliament, beating many analysts’ predictions in a system that typically disadvantages smaller parties. His party platform has focused heavily on anti-immigration policies.

Farage won a decisive victory in Clacton, a declining coastal town where pre-election polls had indicated strong support for him. The victory comes after seven previous failed attempts to win a parliamentary seat.

In a speech last month, Farage said: “The establishment is terrified, the Tories are terrified,” referring to the ruling Conservative Party. He described Britain as “a broken nation” and criticized several targets, including asylum seekers and the BBC.

At 60, Farage is a polarising and combative figure, but also a masterful orator. In the last general election, he played a crucial role in the Conservative Party’s landslide victory by choosing not to field Brexit Party candidates in several key constituencies.

In this election, however, his strategy changed: his aim was to dismantle the Conservative Party by capturing a significant portion of its votes, with the ultimate intention of replacing or absorbing the party’s remnants. When asked early in the campaign about merging his nascent party with the Conservatives, he replied wryly: “More like a takeover, my boy.”

Reform UK has faced intense scrutiny recently, with several of its candidates accused of making inflammatory comments. One candidate suggested that Britain should have remained neutral during World War II, while another used anti-Semitic rhetoric, claiming that Jewish groups were “agitating for the mass importation of Muslims into England”.

The party has attributed some of these problems to teething problems, excluded problematic candidates, and threatened legal action against a firm hired to screen candidates.

An undercover investigation last week by Channel 4 News recorded reform activists in Clacton using racist and homophobic slurs, with one even using a derogatory term for Prime Minister Rishi Sunak.

Over the past two decades, Farage has significantly influenced British political debate, championing the Brexit movement, outsmarting the Conservatives and pushing them further to the right.